1.- The distancing effect, commonly mistranslated as the alienation effect (German: Verfremdungseffekt), is a performing arts concept coined by playwright Bertolt Brecht “which prevents the audience from losing itself passively and completely in the character created by the actor, and which consequently leads the audience to be a consciously critical observer.”
2.Artist working with estrangement: Peter Mammes
“In his artist’s statement Mammes says, ‘the work endeavors to distract the viewer from usually perceived normality. The viewer is led by the work to question habitual assumptions about familiarity. Ironically, the body of work also comments on estrangement and rejection.'”
3.- I covered the faces inside the book with black cards, taking away the human aspect by covering their expressions. This pulls the viewer away from any engagement with the people and the expressions but rather solely with the atmosphere of their surroundings.